What if instead Prussia united most german states "Kleindeutsche Lösung" (Little German solution), it was was Austria that united all german states into the German Nation "Großdeutsche Lösung" (Greater German solution)? or if it was Bavaria that becomes dark horse by conquering France land and united german states (I think Bavarian dialect will be standard german language as consequences) What is the outcome for principality to have territory outside their parent state/country? Margraviate of Brandeburg has territory outside Holy Roman Empire that they inherited from the State of Teutonic Order (a crusading state) turned into Duchy of Prussia as a vassal of Poland and later received the duchy sovereignty from both monarchs of between Sweden and Poland after their war ended. Both of their territories will be known as Brandenburg-Prussia. In 1700 Emperor of HRE allowed Elector of Bradenburg to crowned him as "King in Prussia" instead of "King of Prussia" in the land the governed outside HRE territory, after the Spanish War of Succession (If I remember most senior regions in HRE is principality govern by prince-elector, right?) In the Ring of Fire / 1632 novel series, the Kingdom of Bohemia (today is Czech) breaks away from the Astro-Hungary Empire (in this timeline HRE collapse sooner, I don't know why they use that name instead of Austrian Empire, for me Danubian Empire sounds better). The problem is Prince of Liechtenstein has lands in both Bohemia and Austro-Hungary owe loyalty to both monarchs and in a scenario, if the Kingdom of Bohemia vs Austro-Hungary Empire happens he will just send support money and some men to both sides and join the battle the first one who invited him lol. (Not related to our historical world, but related double territory problem, Viscount's Rise medieval setting not in our world/different planet) In Royalroadlegend Viscounts Rise, Earl Braydon gained land after battles in Duchy of Shuluk, he's aristocrat of Kingdom of Fiveria but that territory he gained lay outside of Kingdom Fiveria realm, will he assume the title "Sovereign Prince in Shuluk" like Prussia. Also What if Austro-Hungary Empire didn't collapse and turn into Danubian Federation with Habsburg to unite all ethnicities in the realm?