So, this rant is partially driven by a conversation I had with a patient regarding alkaline water and supplements...so here we go. 1. Fancy Water: a. Alkaline water: let's start with this one...sigh...Alkaline water has no benefits whatsoever. The human body naturally maintains a "normal" pH thanks to organs like kidneys, lungs and the liver. There are a couple of conditions where your body becomes unable to maintain the pH of blood, typically due to an infection or diabetic ketoacidosis where the starving body, unable to use sugar, begins to break down fats rapidly which leads to productions of ketones which acidify the blood. Alkaline water...is worthless in these situation because your stomach will simply re-acidfy the water before you can absorb it. Basically Alkaline water is a bullshit sale strategy and don't fall for that crap. It has no benefits and it costs more. b. Smart Water: similar to the top, virtually meaningless. Well water, spring water, glacier water, tap water, reverse osmotic water...water is water, there is little to no difference besides mineral content. Though some bottled water and tap water may be unsafe due to contaminants. c. Water with electrolytes: this one is a particular pet peeve of mine. Unless you're sweating a crap ton, there is no point in drinking something ton of electrolytes. Electrolytes are important - they are minerals that carry an electric charge when they are dissolved in a liquid such as blood. The blood electrolytes—sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate—help regulate nerve and muscle function and maintain acid-base balance and water balance. However...too much is a bad thing. Too much potassium can disrupt heart rhythms. Also your kidneys will go into overtime trying to remove the excess salt leading to increased urination => dehydration. There is no need for a regular person who is barely breaking a sweat to ever need to drink a sports drink or water enriched with electrolytes. All you're doing is making some expensive pee and putting stress on your body. d. Drinking a lot of water: So this one...basically, there is no real need to force yourself to drink water...you feel thirsty for a reason. Your body knows when it needs water and it will let you know. Too much water can actually ruptures your cells and disrupt a host of different bodily functions due to messing up the water and electrolyte balance. There was this dumbass coach who forced kids to drink a ton of water and then work out...yeh long story short, a kid died. Don't overdo it with water. Drink water when you're thirsty and try to drink water over other beverages. 2. Detoxing a. Colon Hydrotherapy: To the hopefully many who don't know what this shitty practice is...basically people pay to have water sprayed up their butt to remove "toxic fecal matter" from their intestines. I actually had a professor of education argue with me over the benefits of this disgusting procedure. I wanted so badly to knock some sense into her, because she ignored my words and kept on and on about her bullshit research...sigh...anyways, this is really, really dumb. Again, the human body is great and keeping itself healthy and clean. Unless you can incredibly constipated, any food you eat will be out of your in 24-72 hours...toxic poop does not stick around...because you have intestines...sigh...all the water does is destroy the good bacteria in your stomach and damage your intestines, increasing your chances of internal bleeding, cancer and otherwise ruining your digestive capabilities. Probiotics ain't about to fix the damage you just caused to your gut...the education professor seriously told me that she eats yogurt to replace the good bacteria after I tried to tell her the good bacteria gets wiped out. Sigh. b. Detox teas: You have a liver. You don't need anything else for detoxing. Simple as that. The liver is fucking amazing and is the only organ capable of regeneration. Don't fuck it up by drinking too much. c. Essential oils and crystals? Not sure if this belongs in the category, but these are bullshit and cannot cure anything. It may relax you and help with nausea or something, but actual diseases? No. Come at me, essential oil community.. 3. Miscellaneous: a. Targeted weight loss. There is no such thing. You can try to tone the muscle underneath the fat but you can't make fat in a certain area go away any quicker than the rest of your body. The one exception to this may be if the weight gain is due to fluid retention and getting that treated can reduce the size of the swollen area. Some areas in your body may have more fat composition, but generally it'll be reduced evenly throughout the body. b. Anti-vax: Just don't be one? like...c'mon people...I hope this one doesn't cause my thread to be locked lol. c. Supplements: so...unless you have a proven deficiency...there is no need to take multivitamin or supplement. The craze behind supplements was caused of a renowned chemist, Linus Pauling who believed...vitamins could be the key to immortality and can prevent diseases like cancer...sigh...they do not. Funny enough, poor Linus himself would die from cancer. Vitamins and minerals are necessary. However, most balanced diets provide plenty of them. Vitamins are either water-soluble which means you'll pee them out later, or fat-soluble which mean they get stored in your body...the fat-soluble ones can become dangerous and lead to vitamin toxicity...too much of a good thing, y'know. Also...most supplements are not regulated. There is no way to tell how much of something are in the pills. So you could either be paying for nothing or be taking 1000x of times more of something you don't even need. If you have a deficiency, try to get a prescription for it because pharmaceutical grade supplements are better regulated. d. E-cigs: No it's still bad for you. Get help. f. CBD: Doesn't really work imo. Don't waste your money.